Existing stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an on-going project which is displaying fantastic promise. The University of Pennsylvania currently is conducting clinical studies for a new surgery known as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The new procedure consists of transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The process is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have been destroyed therefore no insulin is produced. These mecholesterol.com patients have to be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted into the liver, the body after the first transplant will give warning signs when the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and often just black out which may be dangerous when driving or performing other crucial tasks.

Islet cell transplantation can not treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a feasible cure for the over 700,000 folks in the United States who have got Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there are not sufficient donors to go around with simply around 3,500 donor organs available last year. Most patients currently need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.

The answer to this challenge would be to make islets within the lab utilizing stems cells. There is currently research going on using debatable embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells taken from adults. But as a result of ethical and political debate regarding stem cells this pathway to a cure is moving gradually. People who think that life starts at conception firmly battle embryonic stem cell research since the cells are derived from human embryos that are destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t become full grown into human cells and have the greatest potential to turn into any type of cells within the body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail and so on.

Opponents to this research believe that adult stem cells extracted from adult bone marrow is the answer to this challenge. But you will find studies which raise queries about the capacity of these cells as therapies.

A recent published study reported that an intestinal hormone triggered stem cells extracted from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin – these are generally called beta cells, but there is debate over this research and it has not had the capacity to get reproduced.

Even though the research making use of stem cells is in its infant stages quite a few scientists think that this research holds the most promise for success for diabetics as a way to stop taking insulin injection after their bodies start producing the hormone naturally.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and is exhibiting great promise in the battle to find a remedy for this long-term disease.